Voskresenskiye (Resurrection) Gate | 4Walks
Voskresenskiye (Resurrection) Gate
Voskresenskiye Vorota Proyezd, 2A
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Ther are built in 1535 as two-arched gates of the Kitai-gorod wall. In 1680 the above-gates room is rebuilt and two towers crowned with double-headed eagles are added. This image of the gates is maintained until its dismantling in 1931. The chambers hosted a lab of the neighborhood Mint and Main Pharmacy until 1731 and the University printing house in the 50-80-ies of the XVIII century. In 1737 the gates burned down and were rebuilt by architect I. F. Michurin.

N.I Novikov (1744-1818), who was in charge of the University printing house, resided in the room over-the-gates.

In 1781 a wooden Iveron chapel (assigned to Nikolo-Perervinsky monastery) was constructed for the Iberian icon of the Mother of God. In 1791 the Iberon chapel was rebuilt in stone. In 1810-ies architect A. N. Bakarev maintained the gates restoration.

In 1917 the Iberon chapel and the gates at Voskresensky Proezd are used as a defense line from the Bolsheviks army. In the mid-1920s the gates and the Iveron chapel are restored with the original carved lining.

In the late 1920s it was decided to demolish the Voskresenskiye gates to clear the passage for vehicle trafic. In 1929 the Iberon chapel is dismantled and the sculpture of Worker is erected in its place. In 1931 the Voskresenskiye (Iberian) gates are totally demolished. In 1936 the passage through the former gates renamed as Historic Proezd. In 1994-1995 the Voskresenskiye gates and the Iberon chapel were restored by Moscow government (architect O. I. Zhurin was the project author). In 1993 Historic Proezd was renamed as Proezd Voskresenskiye Gates.

After the restoration of the gates and the chapel in 1995 the passage Proezd Voskresenskiye gates became pedestrian making it impossible for heavy military vehicles to enter the Red square from two sides of the Historical Museum during parades resumed since 2008.

The first stone gates leading to the Red Square were erected in 1535 when the Kitai-gorod wall was being reconstructed in bricks. When the structure was rebuilt in 1680 the double passage was surmounted with two-storey chambers crowned by two octagonal hipped roofs similar to the Kremlin towers. An Icon of the Resurrection facing towards the Red Square was placed on the gates. That's where the name is derived from. Until 1731 the chambers-above-the gates were used by the neighboring Mint and the Main Pharmacy. The University printing house moved into the chambers after Mikhail Lomonosov founded the Moscow University. Nikolay Novikov, who ran the University printing house in the late 18th century turned the second floor into his headquarters.

Images: 
Фотограф Ольга Малеева